Bunions are an enlargement of the big toe or hallux joint on the feet that is almost always associated with the deviation in the angle of the great toe or hallux. Bunions are very widespread. The bunion may or may not be painful and it hardly ever looks good and generally creates a problem for the fitting of shoes. They do usually tend to be genetic and could be brought on by wearing footwear which can be too tight. They are more prevalent in females which could possibly be due to the type of footwear. They may be painful inside the joint due to arthritis like symptoms and they also is usually painful due to pressure from the footwear on the enlarged joint.
Could exercises improve bunions? They might be able to, however they are unlikely to make the bony enlargement disappear and they could help improve the angle of the great toe or hallux a little. The best way to make the lump go away is with surgery. No amount of exercising is will make that go down. The amount of pressure producing the bunion and resulting in the big toe or hallux to deviate way is greater than what any exercise is going to undo. Even so, with that said, the exercises which you frequently see recommended are still probably worth doing since they can help keep the joint mobile as well as flexible which is a good thing. That improvement in the range of movement of the joint will go a long way to helping pain that frequently occurs inside the joint. The type of bunion exercises which might be most beneficial are those which stretch and move the joints through its full range of movement in all directions. Often exercises to help strengthen the arch muscles of the feet may also be effective. Even if surgical procedures are used, the exercises both before and after the surgery will help with the rehabilitation.