Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can renew themselves by dividing and giving rise to new, more specialized cells. There are two main types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells.
Embryonic stem cells can be found in embryos in the early weeks of development and these typically divide rapidly, making it easy for scientists to extract them from embryos for use in lab experiments or therapies. Adult stem cells are also undifferentiated, but they're not typically harvested as extensively because they're harder to find.
What is a Stem Cell Transplant?
A stem cell therapy for knee conditions is a surgical procedure in which a patient’s stem cells are used to treat their injury or disease. These cells can be found in the bone marrow and can become any type of cell in the body.
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Types of Stem Cell Transplants
There are many types of stem cell transplants and each has its benefits and drawbacks. The most common type of stem cell transplant is a bone marrow transplant. This is the most common type of transplant because it is the easiest to do. Bone marrow cells are found in the bones and can be taken from a donor without having to go through a complicated surgery.
Another type of stem cell transplant is called an allogeneic transplant. This means that the donated cells come from a different person than the patient. This is usually done if the patient has a disease or injury that can only be treated with stem cells from someone else.
Allogeneic transplants are more dangerous than bone marrow transplants because they can lead to graft-versus-host disease, which can damage the body’s organs. To get more information about stem cell transplants, you can click on this website.
The final type of stem cell transplant is called autologous transplant. This means that the patient’s cells are used to treat their injuries or diseases. Autologous transplants are less common than other types of transplants, but they have some advantages over other types of transplants. Autologous transplants don’t require a donor, so they are easier to do than bone marrow.